Automation is the creation of technology and its application in order to control and monitor the production and delivery of various goods and services. It performs tasks that were previously performed by humans. Automation is being used in a number of areas such as manufacturing, transport, utilities, defense, facilities, operations and lately, information technology. 

The primary drive for automation IoT is to significantly reduce operating expenditures when automation devices, sensors and actuators become Internet-enabled devices. It’s the next huge leap in productivity because there are major advantages to be derived from the acquisition and organization of previously unthinkable amounts of data. New Enterprise Manufacturing Intelligence software (EMI) brings manufacturing-related data together from many sources for reporting, analysis, visual summaries and passing data between enterprise-level and plant-floor systems.

With the increasing use of fieldbus within control networks and the spread of software intelligence, some think that IoT is already emerging in industry. But, the progress that’s occurred is just a small fraction of what can and will happen over the next decade. The inflection point will occur when literally everything is connected with inexpensive and easy-to-install wireless networks.


IoT must be self-organizing, self-configuring, self-healing, scalable to large sizes, with very low energy consumption, low cost, simple to install and based on global standards. That’s a tall order, which current automation network standards simply cannot meet. In my opinion, with the spread of IoT, the ZigBee, Zwave standard, currently languishing with minimal market share, will emerge to mainstream prominence.

The most common form of lighting control today is a single switch or dimmer controlling a light or group of lights (a zone of lighting) . While this historic standard certainly works, it is cumbersome relative to the ease of a lighting control system, especially in larger homes . Think of the time and effort expended turning the lights on in the morning, off when you go to work, back on in the evening, and finally off again at bedtime . When you think of the quantity of the dimmers and switches that you need to walk around turning on and off throughout the day, the convenience of a lighting control system quickly becomes apparent. A lighting control system creates the ability for all of a home’s lighting to be controlled together.

Home automation or domotics is building automation for a home, called a smart home or smart house. A home automation system will control lighting, climate, entertainment systems, and appliances. It may also include home security such as access control and alarm systems.